Home Decor
Littman Bros |  July 30, 2012

Fundamentals of Interior Home Lighting

Interior home lighting is an essential ingredient in home décor and, when the correct design scheme and lighting style is chosen, it can create an ambiance all its own that can make your space a foundation of energy and liveliness that every home should contain.  Lighting is the most commanding component if interior design; without ample lighting in your home, there can be a muted and often gloomy vibe and that can simply mean that there are not enough fixtures for the size of the space.  Rooms should have a harmonious balance of light that not only creates a welcoming sanctuary but also expresses you as the homeowner, your style and your taste.

Selecting the right lighting for your home isn’t always the easiest task.  Here are some basics for you to start with and point you in the right direction:

In order to get the ball rolling you need to utilize a lighting plan, it is the smartest way to start this process and one of the most recommended since it will keep you organized, at least for the initial steps.  Have a budget in a mind as well as a general idea on which style you are trying to go for; think about each room and what kinds of activities take place within each as well as what impression you want to the room to give off, how you want to room to feel.  How big is each room?  Does any natural light come in?  If so, know what area of your space receives the most sunlight during the day in order to plan accordingly.  From here you have to consider the different types of lighting there are within the rooms of your home:

  • Ambient Lighting– Also known as general lighting, ambient lighting is the most fundamental and crucial of lighting types; it creates an overall illumination for your space.  Consider ceiling lights like chandeliers, track or recessed lighting, flush and semi-flush mounts as well as bright table or floor lamps.  Each room should have a solid foundation of ambient light.

    Ambient Lighting

    Ambient Lighting


  • Task Lighting – This type of lighting is specific for activities you plan to do within each room of your home like reading, sewing, cooking, homework, etc.  It amplifies visual accuracy and prevents eyestrain.  Task lighting should not have off-putting glares or distracting shadows. Under cabinet lighting, pendants or mini pendants over specific areas, track lighting and table, floor and desk lamps are great for task lighting.


  • Accent Lighting – This will emphasize certain objects or areas within your space; paintings, sculptures, plants as well as certain angles of a wall or cabinet door are great areas to shed some accent light on.  It adds subtle warmth and can create a multipurpose light for your space. Directional track lights, recessed lights with eyelid trims, under cabinet lighting and wall sconces are just some choices for accent lighting.


Task Lighting

Task Lighting

  • Decorative Lighting – Decorative lighting is a wonderful way to add those final touches of panache to your home.  It not only provides your space with more light but also enhances the area with the attractive and pleasing touch of style.  Various choices of finishes, fabrics, glass and silhouettes allows for a wide range of choices in decorative lighting.  It should be supplementary to whichever lighting you currently have in your home so there is an enhanced ambiance or purpose to your space.

Remember that the lighting design in your home is what you make it; there are countless ways you can develop your home’s lighting scheme, and we have only gone through the basics.  Picking out the style and variety of lights you want throughout your home is one of the best components in this whole process; there are a great deal of new trends and styles coming out every day in lighting designs, it just depends on what you are looking for.